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What constitutes child abuse? What are the types of child abuse?

The laws concerning child abuse in New York are governed by the Penal Code, as they are in other states. Child abuse includes any kind of cruelty inflicted on a child, examples of which are the following:

  • Mental abuse
  • Physical abuse
  • Sexual assault or exploitation
  • Neglect

Child abuse or neglect is the act or failure to act, by a parent or caretaker that causes the death, severe physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation of a child under age 18.

Child physical abuse takes place when a parent or caretaker causes, or permits someone to cause, severe physical injury to a child. Such abuse can include shaking, biting, kicking, punching, beating and burning. If a parent creates a condition or permits the condition to be created that causes a child to suffer severe physical injury, that is also deemed abuse.

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